What a Union is...
Why Unions Were Needed...
What Happened With the Unions...
Bibliography
Jon Cox, U.S. History, Communications Academy

Annotated Bibliography

"Harry Bridges Confronts the Police." San Francisco General Strike, 1934. 17 Jan 2002. <http://bss.sfsu.edu/tygiel/Hist427/1930sphotos/sfgeneralstrike.htm>

This site includes some of the images from the San Francisco General Strike, which allows the viewer to get a closer look as to what actually happened in 1934 instead of simply reading about what happened. On it are several images of what the situation looked like, and what was happening. This site can be considered valid as some of the content was in fact pulled from the ILWU, which as a union themselves in the area can give an actual picture from their history.

"Labor Unions During the Great Depression and the New Deal." The Learning Page: American Memory. 20 Nov 2000. 17 Jan 2002.          <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/fetures/timeline/depwwii/unions/unions.html>

This page is worthwhile to look at as it provides informative and specific information about the growth of labor unions during the Great Depression. It also has information that lead me to find more information at other sites. This particular site was made as a part as a part of The American Memory society is part the government, so I believe that this information would be correct and historically accurate.

"Labor Unions Rise." Michigan Historical Center. 10 Jan 2002. 17 Jan 2002. <http://www.sos.state.mi.us/history/museum/explore/museums/hismus/1900-75/depressn/laborun.html>

This page is worthwhile because of the information about the U.A.W. and their strike that helped other unions get started. It also gives facts that le me to find other sites concerning the rise of labor unions during the Great Depression. This page should be considered valid information as it was put together by the Michigan Historical Museum System and is hosted under the Secretary of State of Michigan's website.

"San Francisco General Strike." California Historical Society. 17 Jan 2002. <http://www.californiahistory.net/9_pages/hard_strike.htm>

This site is more of a general overview about the San Francisco general strike, and the members of people who were involved in it. It told of what happened in the strike, and what people though they were doing during the time. It can be considered valid as it was published under the California Historical Society, and thus can be said to be historically accurate.

"San Francisco General Strike." Holt Labor Library. 17 Jan 2002. <http://www.holtlaborlibrary.org/sfstrike.html>

This site is a main hub for information concerning the San Francisco General Strike, and thus has all that needs to be known about this event. It included a basic overview, and then links to other sites to add more insightful information. This site can be considered valid as it is run under the Holt Labor Library, who can be trusted for labor and work related information.

"What is a Union?" IWW. 2002.17 Jan 2002. <http://www.geocities.com/the_third_eye_website/resources/what_is_a_union.htm>

This page provided a look into what unions actually do, and what they are able to do. It told of the powers unions have, and gives a general overview as to what a boss could do if unions were not present. This site should be considered valid since the content for it came directly from the IWW's website, who is a respected union of people. This allows for an appropriate depiction of what a union is, and what they can do.

"Who Are We." U.A.W. 17 Jan 2002. <http://www.uaw.org/about/uawmembership.html>

This page should be looked at because it provides information from the point of view one of the unions. It tells their story from a union's point of view and is truly involved in the process of creating history. This site is valid because of the fact that is published by an actual union who has been around for many years and knows what they are talking about.

Dana, Jackie. "Without a Living Wage, Prosperity Is Nothing but Fools' Gold." The Working Stiff Journal. March 2000. 17 Jan 2002. <http://uts.cc.utexas.edu/~rjensen/vol3no2/livingwage.htm>

This site is about the living wage for people, and included in it some talk about the National Industry Recovery Act which relates to the growth of the unions. This site should be visited because it gives good facts on this, as well as the topic related to it. This site should be considered valid as it is a reprint from a magazine that specializes in labor information, and thus knows what they are talking about when it comes to facts.

Kangas, Steve. "Timelines of the Great Depression." Steve Kangas' Web Page. 17 Jan 2002. <http://www.korpios.org/resurgent/Timeline.htm>

This page should be viewed for its detailed and thorough facts it gives overall about the Great Depression. It gives unemployment statistics through the years of the Great Depression, and many other facts that give an accurate view of that period in time. This site can be considered valid because the person who wrote it was known on the internet, and whose work is now being hosted by others since he has since passed on. That these people want his work to be seen shows that it was respected by many.

Schoenherr, Dr. Steven. "The Great Depression." Social History 178. 2000. 17 Jan 2002. <http://history.acusd.edu/gen/classes/social/depression.html>

This site is useful to look as it included an overview of the Great Depression that was actually used as a part of a class to teach the Great Depression. This sheet ran over what the Great Depression was about in several points and told what you needed to know about Organized Labor and other aspects of the time. This site can be considered valid, as it was used in an actual class environment, and is hosted at an .edu domain.

Schwartz, Alvin. The Unions: What They Are, How They Came to Be, How They Affect Each of Us. New York: The Viking Press. 1972.

This book is worthwhile to look at, as it basically covers every aspect of Unions from their time of conception until the time of the books publishing in 1972. As it covers the different aspects of Unions it also brings in different facts about how the Unions are set up and different events that Unions brought about. This book can be considered valid from the point that all the research for this book had to be collected, and Alvin Schwartz did all this to write the book. He has a degree in journalism he got when he was going to college, and was a newspaper reporter for awhile, showing that he clearly knows how to tell a story using facts that he has found.

Seldes, George. "George Seldes on San Francisco's Press and the 1934 General Strike." Brasscheck. 17 Jan 2002. <http://www.brasscheck.com/1934.html>

This site is worth visiting because it includes a lot of information about the San Francisco long shore men strike and the details of why and what were the main forces that made it be what it was. This site can be considered valid, as it was created by a person who knows what they are talking about and is able to analyze the information he has at his fingertips to give a deeper meaning to the events that took place.

Wiles, David. "The Context for Worker Unions." David Wiles' Web Page. 17 Jan 2002. <http://www.albany.edu/~dkw42/s2_unions.html>

This page should be looked at because it provides a large amount of information about the workers unions and the different points during the Great Depression when it began to rise. This page should be considered valid as it is a part of an education webpage, and looks to have been used for a class.


The following images were from the American Library, which I used to find images of many different scenes through the depression. This site is very worthwhile to visit, as it allows for viewers to look at images taken by actual photographers of the time, and look at pictures from chronological views of when the picture was taken, including other images that were on the same roll of film. This site can be considered valid, as it is a well known website by many in education, and is hosted under a government domain by the Library of Congress.

Delano, Jack. "Picket CIO pickets jeering at few workers who were entering a mill in Greensboro, Greene County, Georgia." American Library: America from the Great Depression to World War II. 17 Jan 2002. <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/fsowhome.html>

Rothstein, Arthur. "Unemployed miners, Herrin, Illinois." American Library: America from the Great Depression to World War II. 17 Jan 2002. <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/fsowhome.html>

Vachon, John. "Girl in the picket line at the King Farm strike. Morrisville, Pennsylvania." American Library: America from the Great Depression to World War II. 17 Jan 2002. <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/fsowhome.html>

Vachon, John. "Picket line at the King Farm strike. Near Morrisville, Pennsylvania." American Library: America from the Great Depression to World War II. 17 Jan 2002. <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/fsowhome.html>

Vachon, John. "Unemployed youth. Washington, D.C." American Library: America from the Great Depression to World War II. 17 Jan 2002. <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/fsowhome.html>

 

Last Updated January 17, 2002