What is Shinto?
Its Traditions...
Japan Society
State Shinto
The World

Bibliography Links
 
Last Updated
6/11/02
 
Bibliography


Bernard, Rosemarie. Shinto and Ecology. 1998. Harvard University. 11 June 2002 <http://environment.harvard.edu/religion/research/shinhome.html>.

It was from here that the author explains the Shinto religion as it is today, and some it's various beliefs. The author wrote this article as part of a forum on religion and ecology, so the information needed to be correct for its writing. The writing showed class throughout its reading, and even includes an end notes and about the author section that tells that the author has done extensive research on Shinto and has edited a section on Shinto in a new book.

Buko, Stacy. Shintoism. 200. University of Virginia. 7 May 2002 <http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/~jkh8x/soc257/nrms/shinto.html>.

The author in this text focuses on the many different aspects of the Shinto religion. They go in deep on the many different beliefs of the religion, and organized their information in such a way that would make it easy on the reader to find the information that he or she wanted. Sources are cited in their work that clearly shows where their information came from, making it seem more reliable. The fact that the information is part of a network of pages devoted to religion also helps its credibility.

French, Howard W. "Japan Has Little Time for Its Old-Time Religion." New York Times. 13 Sept. 2001, Late ed. : B3.

Japan's lack of time for its ancient old religion was the focus of this New York Times article. It was written recently, and focused on many of the problems the religion is facing today concerning down membership and lack of interest. Being published recently and from a reputable source adds to the credibility of the source, citing many different people in the story to make their point.

Gordon, Larry D. Image Bank, I Am Shinto. By Noriko S. Nomura. N.p.: n.p., n.d.

The pictures that this author took were marvelous, and truly showed the ideas behind the Shinto culture. They were found in a book retaining to Shinto, and so have a upright source to back up their quality. They are informative about the styles of the religion, and what many of the beliefs in the system are like for those who do not live in Japan or are members of it.

Howdyshell, Roy. Shintoism. Non-Christian World Religions. 7 May 2002 <http://www.refuge-outreach.org/religions/shintoism.html>.

The author remains focused on the many different aspects of religion Shinto has gained from different religions including Buddhism and Christianity. He narrows down to the different factors that have affected Shinto, and what likely factors might hurt or help it in the future. This page encompasses only part of an entire world religions website, and becomes very credible when compared to the long and detailed works of the other religions.

jp-wf.gif. Japan. 11 June 2002 <http://www.fotw.stm.it/flags/jp.html>.

The Japanese war flag that existed in World War II seems to be one of the most powerful flags ever conceived. It was on this site that a copy of the flag was obtained, and allows for viewers to understand more of what Japan was like during the war. This site featured many different flags of Japan, so thus the copy of the flag that received more than likely is as correct as it could be.

Kaehler, Wolfgang. Liaison International, By Noriko S. Nomura. N.p.: n.p., n.d.

The picture that was viewed by this author truly showed the ideas behind Shinto and its culture. They were found in a book about Shinto, and so have a reputable source to back up their worth. They are educational about the styles of the religion, and what many of the beliefs in the system are like for those who do not reside in Japan or are members of Shinto.

Kasprowicz, Donna. Torii at Meiji., Teaching Comparative Religion Through Art and Architecture. 11 June 2002.<http://ias.berkeley.edu/orias/visuals/japan_visuals/shintoB.HTM>.

It was from this location that a picture was found of one of Japan's grand Toriis. This site is very credible for the amazing pictures it has collected of Toriis from many different people all around the world. It was from pictures like these and the one collected that I was able to better understand what it would be like in a Shinto shrine, in a different culture.

Matsumoto, Tsugufumi. JAPAN WAR SHRINE. TOKYO, Japan. AP Photo Archive. 11 June 2002 <http://accuweather.ap.org>.

A photograph of a ceremony for Japans war dead was found here. It was this picture that expressed the true feelings of veterans in Japan, and what it meant to be a part of such a ceremony for Shintoists. The AP Photo Archive is a very credible source put out by the respectable Associated Press.

Malherbe, Michel . SHINTO - JAPAN : What is Shintoism? 2002. 7 May 2002 <http://www.emmanuel-info.com/en/dossiers/shinto.html>.

Explanations of Shinto and its historical evolution over time is what can be found on this page. It explored these aspects of Shinto, and went into depth about what they really meant. This source id part of collection of information about many different religions, and thus is able to claim authenticity for its information.

Mori, Dr. Barbara. The Way of the Gods. California Polytechnic State University. 11 June 2002 <http://cla.calpoly.edu/~bmori/syll/Hum310japan/Shinto.html>.

This site was used as a guide for college students taking a course on the history of Japan, and thus collected many different valuable sources together to form this page. The information is basically an overview of the religion, and focuses on explaining the definitions of many different Shinto beliefs and traditions for the reader to understand. Since this site was made for a college I imagine it is very acceptable.

Nelson, John K. A Year in the Life of a Shinto Shrine. Seattle: University of Washington P, 1996. 3.

A great deal of info regarding the lives of what happens in a Shinto shrine was found here. It also covered some of the basic aspects of Shinto, being published by a university shows that it should be used as an educational source, and most likely has information people felt needed to be shared about Shinto.

Nomura, Noriko S. I Am Shinto. New York: Rosen Group, 1996. 9.

Basic information regarding Shinto was found here. The information tells of life of a Shinto member, and what a life of Shinto means for them. Since this book was published as part of a series of religion books, its information can be considered correct.

Shinto Religion in Japan. 11 Feb. 2002. Japan-Guide.com. 7 May 2002 <http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2056.html>.

This site detailed the beliefs of Shinto, and the aspects of it relating to life in Japan. It also dealt with trying to explain the religion to people not usually affiliated with. This site was published as part of a guide to Japan, and thus is surrounded by many other factual sources about Japan, making the information found here look correct.

Sichina, Ellen S. Japanese Culture. 7 July 2000. UNCG Public Health Education Dept. 11 June 2002 <http://www.uncg.edu/phe/immigrant/japanese/japanreligion.html>.

This site gave basic information about Shinto and what influences culture in Japan. It gave statistics regarding the number of Japanese who even practiced Shinto, and the importance the Japanese have for character and good behavior. This site was created by a graduate student, and shows a great deal of work having been put into the research, showing its credibility.

titel03. Die Japan Anime Sailor Moon Seite. 11 June 2002 <http://www.jasms.de>.

This picture provided a source for viewers to help understand what anime is, and what it looks like. Many people have probably seen an example of anime before and just not known it. This example graphic helped show what it is, and why Japan is so obsessed with it. Since this site was a dedicated source to various anime, its credibility is assured.

What is Shinto in Brief. 2 May 2002. International Shinto Foundation. 7 May 2002 <http://www.shinto.org/brief-e.html>.

As a part of the International Shinto Foundation this site is sure to be correct in the information it cited on its page. While it may not have been the most detailed information, it provided the information from the view of a Shintoist, and what they truly believed instead of someone else's interpretation of the religion. This site included interesting information regarding Shinto, and what some of its smaller beliefs were for the religion.